Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Anatomic Variants and Echocardiographic Pearls from Dr Harry Lever
Harry M. Lever, MD

1. Understanding LVOT obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
2. Anatomic variants: Papillary muscle position, attachment, and mitral valve leaflet length.
3. LVOT obstruction without hypertrophy.
4. Use of valsalva, Amyl Nitrite, and stress echocardiography.